– 1995 wage gap: women earned 69 cents for every dollar earned by men
– 1995 workers: 375,040 men, and 269,509 women
– 2021 wage gap: women earned 95 cents for every dollar earned by men
– 2021 workers: 410,495 men, and 423,105 women
– Change in wage gap 1995-2021: decreased by 25.3 cents on the dollar
Marketing, advertising, and public relations are somewhat rare fields in that they are female-dominated in terms of participation. Women are fairly well-represented in leadership positions as well. According to LinkedIn, women account for 53% of director-level or higher positions and 59% of manager-level positions. The industry is not so representative when it comes to race. Black women in particular are severely underrepresented in leadership roles, comprising a mere 4% of chief marketing officers. This underrepresentation is reflective of the marketing and advertising industries as a whole, which have become known for their near-homogenous whiteness.